Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is common in men and women. According to a non-clinical survey, the prevalence of BPD is 1.6 percent and the lifetime prevalence is 5.9 percent in the United States of America.
Misconceptions apart, the male borderline disorder is as much prevalent as women with BPD.
Distinguishable symptoms of BPD are detectable from childhood. However, the symptoms come into prominence during adolescence and adulthood. Both for men and women, a reduction in BPD traits happens with the advancement in age.
Borderline Personality Disorder in Men
In most cases, borderline personality disorder in men is overlooked. BPD traits in a male patient are often generalized as an anger management issue.
As a matter of fact, a BPD male exhibits stronger expressions of aggression, anti-social behavior, and violence than a BPD woman. Men with borderline disorder are highly prone to substance abuse and drug addiction than a woman.
Unfortunately, a borderline disorder in men gets misdiagnosed as an antisocial personality or anger management problem.
Common traits and symptoms of BPD manifestations in men are:
- Uses criticism to control others
- Shows aggression when faced with criticism
- Rejects relationship and develops hatred if offended by the partner or friend
- Fear of rejection leads to jealousy and seeking sexual gratification
- Holds grudges
- Possessive insecurities
- Do not have long term emotional attachments in relationships
- Heavy use of narcotics, drugs, or alcohol to alleviate anxiety
- Aggression and anger
BPD Is Not A Female Centered Disorder
It should be noted, the prevalence of BPD is more common among women. All symptoms of BPD are more explicable in women than men.
Approximately, the borderline disorder in women is at a ratio of 3-to-1 to men.
But the population studies suggest the occurrence of mental disorders is evenly distributed among men and women.
Importantly, statistically more women than men are diagnosed with BPD. Women are more open to BPD diagnosis and seeking professional help than men. In most cases, men try to conceal the symptoms, and for this reason, misdiagnosis of BPD in men is common.
In fact, manifestations of BPD in men and women are interpreted differently. Borderline disorder symptoms in men are confused with narcissist characteristics.
Relationship with BPD male
Most BPD men do have a series of stormy relationships in their life. He will fall in love quickly and can fall out of love at the same speed.
They get easily offended even for silly matters. For this reason, they cannot maintain a friendship or family relationship for long. BPD men hold grudges after a fallen-out relationship. BPD men in a relationship may exhibit the following traits:
- Charming and quick to start a relationship with others
- Often picks up fight or arguments even with their close buddies
- Justifies every action and reaction of theirs
- Mistrusts the fidelity and sincerity of partner
- Tries to control others even though unable to regulate their own behavior and actions
- Possess uncanny ability to switch between love and hate in any relationship
- They enjoy shocking their partner by engaging in risky behaviors
- Engage in fearsome activities like reckless driving, adventure stunts, excessive drinking, and partying
- Harness extreme jealousy over their partners
- Misread the emotional feel of others, but they bring excessive emotion and drama in a relationship
- Issues threats of suicide or goes violent to control their lover, friend or family members; also to get their demands fulfilled
- Possessive and demanding to the extent of making their partner totally subdued to them
Other Mental Disorders Occurring Along With BPD
Borderline disorder in men can turn into a complex mental problem involving other mental disorders as well.
They begin to show narcissist traits, irrational behaviors and become victims of substance abuse.
Some of the BPD men also become anti-social and quarrelsome.
Do not ignore or confuse the borderline disorder traits in men as other minor mental disorders. A qualified mental health expert can correctly diagnose the symptoms of BPD in men.
Input from partner or family members on the behavioral aspect of the patient may help in the diagnosis of the disorder.
Drug Abuse Tendency in BPD Men
There is a strong relationship between BPD and drug addiction in men.
When a BPD man takes up substance abuse or alcohol addiction it brings out antisocial behaviors like rage, anger, and violence.
Yet, the man with borderline disorder feels a strong inclination to use alcohol, weeds, or drugs. Drug abuse gives him temporary relief from fears, inhibitions, depression, or anxiety feelings.
Most importantly, chronic drug addiction and BPD have similar symptoms. Distinguishing between symptoms of drug addiction and borderline disorder is difficult.
The outcome of substance abuse by BPD patients destroys their mental and physical health. It increases the severity of symptoms such as:
- Mood swings and depression
- Lack of concern for one’s own well being
- Manipulative and deceitful actions
- Instability in relationships, jobs, and responsibilities
- Violence, anger, and impulsive behavior
Drug Abuse Treatment
A few symptoms of BPD and drug addiction are overlapping. It is rather difficult to distinguish between these two disorders.
Undoubtedly, you need to find an efficient co-occurring disorder rehab center to treat BPD men with substance abuse. It is useful for the patient to attend addiction counseling services and behavior therapies for drug abuse.
The process and progress of recovery from dual diagnosis are going to be intense and long. It involves multiple interventions and regular monitoring. Mostly, drug addiction treatments include medications and behavioral therapies.
Treatments for Men with BPD
First of all, it is a difficult task to make a man acknowledge borderline disorder in him. It is even more difficult to convince him of BPD treatments. Men are less cooperative in psychotherapy, unlike women.
BPD is a serious psychiatric illness, and its treatment is a challenging affair with routine psychotherapy for a very long period.
A licensed psychotherapist or counselor can supervise the medications and therapy during treatment.
Of course, rehabilitation programs are necessary for those addicted to drugs or alcohol. In such cases, it is best to get treated at rehabilitation centers where both mental disorders and addiction issues are simultaneously treated.
The treatment for co-occurring disorders like BPD and addiction at a rehabilitation center will last for a minimum of 30 days to 6 weeks. Treatment procedures would involve therapeutic interventions and psychotherapy. Alternative remedies like yoga, meditation, and nutrition therapy may benefit neurotransmitters and dopamine in the brain.
Another important aspect of borderline disorder treatment is behavioral modification. It requires the support of peers, family, and counselors.
Usually, recovery from the borderline disorder for a male patient takes a long time. Some BPD men never recover fully from the disorder as they are obstinate in psychotherapy procedures.
Despite the difficulties, the determination and persistence of the patient and therapist can drastically improve the BPD symptoms. Some psychiatrists and counselors prefer gender-specific rehabs for men.
Bonding with family and peers can greatly benefit from the faster recovery of BPD males.