Sunspots on skin or face (solar lentigines) are something that nobody likes to have.
Sunspots are red, flat, scaly spots on the skin (1).
‘Liver spots’ is another name commonly used for spots on the skin caused by sun exposure. But they have nothing to do with the liver or liver functions (2).
Some people mistake them for freckles because of the resemblance they share.
These spots or small reddish or dark bumps on the skin usually occur to people above 4o years of age.
Most often they occur on skin areas of the body regularly exposed to the sun like face, neck, legs, hands, forearms, ears, and bald head.
In this article, we shall analyze the causes and characteristics of sunspots on skin. You can also learn how to get rid of sun spots on face and skin fast with natural remedies and preventive methods.
Causes Of Sunspots On Skin?
However, the prime reason for age spots or liver spots is the skin damaged caused by UV rays of the sun.
As a person grows older, the skin tissues become weak and find hard to repair the skin damage caused by the sun. For this reason, the skin produces an excess amount of skin pigment known as melanin to repair the damaged skin.
Reddish or dark spots on skin develop when excess melanin starts to gather together in a particular area of the skin.
In other words, uneven distribution of excess melanin produced to repair the damaged skin cause formation of spots on the skin.
Why hyperpigmentation on skin form into numerous spots is not scientifically verified yet.
Normally, the sunspots appear on areas regularly exposed to sunlight like the face, neck, bald head, shoulders, hands, and arms.
If you are bald, sunspots can appear on your scalp. Sunspots tend to increase with age as the skin has a harder time repairing the damage of ultraviolet light.
Sunspots on skin are also known as ‘liver spots’. A few decades ago, age spots on skin were thought to be tied to the health of the liver or some disease affecting the liver, hence the term, liver spots.
Later researches and studies showed that sunspots that appear on the skin have no connection with any liver issues.
It is also good to mention here that sunspots and freckles are not the same though they have a similar appearance.
Freckles are much smaller than sunspots. Freckles are a hereditary skin disorder.
How To Prevent Sunspots On Face Or Skin?
Is there a way to prevent sunspots on skin?
Yes, not one but many.
It is possible to prevent the occurrence of sunspots on face and skin to a great extent. Here a few practical steps for preventing age spots.
1. Take Protection From Scorching Sun
The main cause for age spots is the damaged caused on the skin by the ultraviolet rays of the sun.
Avoiding direct exposure to sunlight is a practical solution to prevent the occurrence of liver spots on skin. Most importantly, protect your skin from the harsh sunlight during the day from 9 am to 3 pm which has strong UV rays.
2. Wear SPF Makeup Products And Sunscreen Lotions
Apply a protective layer of sunscreen lotion on skin (especially face, hands, neck, and legs) to shield your skin from the harmful rays of the sun.
It is best to use any good sunscreen lotion with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 30 or more.
Apply the sunscreen lotion 15 minutes before you go out into the sun.
3. Cover Up Your Skin
You can prevent sunspots on the skin by wearing clothes and accessories that cover your body from exposure to sunlight.
Wearing a wide-brimmed hat, sunshade cap, cooling glasses, head veil and using umbrella are some of the best ways to protect your skin from the sun.
Wearing long-sleeved shirts with a spread collar, full-length trousers and shoes can protect your skin from the UV rays of the sun.
Clothes made of white or light shaded cotton linen is best for protecting your body from heat and UV rays of the sun.
4. Stay Well Hydrated
To prevent the occurrence of age spots on skin keep your body and skin well hydrated.
You should drink at least 8 cups of water every day.
Keep your skin well moistened with moisturizing lotions with SPF above 30.
5. Quit Smoking
There is no doubt that smoking is injurious to your health and skin.
Smokers are prone to get sunspots on skin and face more than the nonsmokers.
If you are addicted to smoking soon, your skin will get aged with wrinkles and spots. Faster aging of skin can help trigger age spots or liver spots on skin.
6. Have Rich Antioxidant Diets
Eating sufficient amount of antioxidant diets daily is one of finest means to repair the sun damages naturally.
Eating a flavonoid-rich diet also helps in reducing the spots and wrinkles on skin; beneficial for preventing common types of cancers.
Flavonoids are powerful antioxidants readily found in many of the fruits, vegetables, and grains; they also exist in tea and soy-based foods
Natural Remedies For Getting Rid Of Sun Spots On Skin
You can prevent sunspots on your skin to some extent but completely not preventable.
In most cases, it is also not easy to get rid of age spots or liver spots completely from your face and body as they keep recurring over and again.
However, there are several home remedies that may help you remove the sunspots to a considerable amount.
Obviously, home remedies require patience, persistence and regular usage to get the desired results you are looking for.
Here some of the proven natural remedies that may help to lighten or totally getting rid of the sunspots on face and skin.
1. Aloe Vera
Aloe vera gel is a fantastic option to overcome the sunburn damages on skin. It helps to repair the damaged skin tissues.
It is best to apply the fresh aloe vera gel on the sunspots affected areas of the skin twice daily. Use aloe vera gel regularly for a long period to get the best results from it.
2. Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple cider vinegar is high in is acetic acid which is beneficial for cleansing and repairing the damaged skin tissues.
It is possible to lighten the brown or dark spots on the skin by gently rubbing diluted ACV on the skin regularly for two months.
Using a mixture of ACV and lemon juice is very effective in getting rid of freckles and spots on skin. This also helps rejuvenate and lighten the skin.
3. Vitamin E
Vitamin E is an essential vitamin required for the nourishment of skin and hair.
Vitamin E helps rejuvenate and repair damaged skin tissues. It is beneficial for spots, freckles and scars removal or reduction on skin.
You may find that most of the quality skin care lotions or creams contain this vitamin as the main ingredient in them.
Open up the Vitamin E capsule and rub its content on the sunspots affected area of the skin. You can rinse off the application after 15 minutes.
Repeat the topical application of Vitamin E capsule contents on skin twice daily. It may take more than 30 days of regular treatments to start seeing diminishing sunspots and scars on skin.
The lactic acid found in buttermilk is useful for lightening and removing the sunspots on skin. It is also very effective of skin exfoliation and deep pores cleansing.
According to some of the reports, it works great for removing spots and freckles on body parts like hands, neck, chest, and legs.
By using a cotton ball, you can gently rub the sunspots affected areas of the skin with buttermilk; wash it off after 15 minutes with cold water.
Continue with buttermilk treatment on skin till the age spots totally fade away from the skin.
5. Lemon Juice
Lemon juice is a traditional remedy for skin brightening and reducing the freckles and spots on the skin. It is most effective for sunspots removal when used in combination with apple cider vinegar.
Apply the fresh lemon juice on the spotted area of the skin and wash it off after 15 minutes. Repeat the treatment twice a day and continue with the treatment till you get the desired results.
Papaya contains enzymes that are effective for skin whitening and exfoliation.
Regularly apply the mashed papaya pulp on skin can aid in reducing the liver spots and freckles on the skin.
Mash a piece of fresh papaya and apply this paste on the spots affected region. Wash off the application after 20 minutes.
Repeat this natural therapy twice daily till you achieve the desired result.
7. Castor Oil
Castor oil is well known for its effectiveness in treating several of the common skin and hair issues.
It is a traditional home remedy for treating stomach issues to hair fall.
Castor oil is also effective for getting rid of the age spots on the skin.
Apply the castor oil on sun spots infected region of the skin with a cotton ball. After 2 hours, you can wash off the oil remnants on the skin.
Repeat this treatment once a day till the sunspots fully fade away from the skin.
Colloidal Oatmeal which expands greatly in water and its actives effectively soothes sensitive and dry skin when applied topically.
Oats contain polysaccharides, which have a gel-like texture useful for moisturizing the skin.
Oats contain healing properties with anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and itch-healing elements beneficial for repairing the sun burnt skin.
Apply an oatmeal mask on the skin with freckles and spots once daily.
This treatment can help gradually fade away the freckles and spots on skin.
Cucumber applied topically can heal the sunburns and repair the skin damages.
Use it as part of a mask or apply it directly to your skin.
The Bottom Line
Sunspots on skin and face are a part of life.
The sunspots – also called age spots, lentigines, lentigos or liver spots – are sharply defined, rounded, brown or black, flat patches of skin.
According to approximate estimates, over 60% of people who have crossed 40 years suffer from sunspots.
It is possible to prevent and remove sunspots on the skin by adopting preventive measures and natural remedies.
Most import remedy for age spots is avoiding direct exposure to intensive UV rays sunlight. You can also take up natural remedies at home to get rid of sunspots which need to be followed up daily with patience and consistency.